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Properties of x rays

X-Rays - Properties, Definition, Wavelength, Types, Uses

  1. The X-Rays properties are given below: They have a shorter wavelength of the electromagnetic spectrum. Requires high voltage to produce X-Rays. They are used to capture the human skeleton defects. They travel in a straight line and do not carry an electric charge with them. They are capable of.
  2. Properties of X-rays (i) X-rays are electromagnetic waves of very short wave length. They travel in straight lines with the velocity of light. They are invisible to eyes
  3. X-rays are electromagnetic radiation of exactly the same nature as light but of very much shorter wavelength. Unit of measurement in x-ray region is Å and nm. 1 Å = 10-10 m, 1 nm = 10 Å = 10-9 m. X-ray wavelengths are in the range 0.5 - 2.5 Å. Wavelength of visible light ~ 6000 Å
  4. The following properties of X-rays have been established from different experimental results: (1) X-rays travel in straight line. (2) X-rays are invisible. When ordinary light is incident on the retina, it creates the sensation of vision; but for X-rays this does not happen
  5. Definition: X-rays are defined as weightless packages of pure energy that are without electrical charge and that travel in waves along a straight line with a specific frequency and speed. The properties of X-rays may be classified as: Physical Chemical Biological Physiochemical 10

Properties of X-Rays X-rays with short wavelengths with high penetrating ability are highly destructive, that's why they are called hard x-rays. The uses of X rays in medicinal purposes possess less penetrating power and have longer wavelengths and are called soft x-rays. X ray waves have a dual nature Properties of X-rays. i) X-rays are electromagnetic waves of very short wavelength. They travel in straight lines with the velocity of light. They are invisible to eyes. ii) They undergo reflection, refraction, interference, diffraction and polarisation. iii) They are not deflected by electric and magnetic fields

X-rays are a form of ionizing radiation, able to break chemical bonds and ionize atoms. When x-rays were first discovered, people suffered radiation burns and hair loss. There were even reports of deaths General properties of X-rays. Discovered by Wilhelm Röntgen; Electromagnetic radiation; Travels at speed of light; Wavelength = 0.01 to 10 nm; Frequency = 3×1016 to 3×1019 Hz; Energy = 0.1 to 100 keV; Hard x-rays (> 10 keV) is typically used in medicine; Properties of characteristic X-rays PROPERTIES OF X-RAY  X-rays are invisible.  X-rays have no mass.  X-rays travel at the speed of light in a vacuum  X-rays travel in straight lines.  They have a very short wavelength  They are unaffected by electric and magnetic fields  They cannot be refracted  They cause ionisation (adding or removing electrons in atoms and molecules

X-Rays, used for diagnostic imaging in CT scanners, have average energy around 60 keV which is 10,000 times higher than the energy of regular light we see around us. So, x-rays are electromagnetic radiation just like the light around us but with much higher energy. Because x-rays have much higher they have shorter wavelength X-rays are produced when accelerated electrons collide with the target. The loss of energy of the electrons due to impact is manifested as x-rays. X-ray radiation is produced in an x-ray tube. Most of the kinetic energy of the electrons striking the target is converted into heat, less than 1% being transformed into x-rays. 2 2 1 E K eV m

Properties of X-rays They can penetrate the media easily. They can ionize gases. They diffract in crystals Characteristics of X-rays - Properties X-rays, also known as X-radiation, refers to electromagnetic radiation (no rest mass, no charge) of high energies. X-rays are high-energy photons with short wavelengths and thus very high frequency. The radiation frequency is key parameter of all photons, because it determines the energy of a photon Abstract. X-rays with energies ranging from about 100eV to 10MeV are classified as electromagnetic waves, which are only different from the radio waves, light, and gamma rays in wavelength and energy. X-rays show wave nature with wavelength ranging from about 10 to 10 −3 nm properties of xrays. polyenergetic and heterogeneous. release very small amounts of heat when passing through matter. properties of xrays. travel in straight lines. properties of xrays. travel at the speed of light. properties of xrays. 3x10 to the 8th power, meters per second in a vacuum

Properties of X-rays - BrainKar

In this chapter, we consider several x-ray properties that are of particular significance in x-ray spectrometry In this chapter, we consider four x-ray phenomena of particular significance in x-ray spectrochemical analysis: absorption, scatter, diffraction, and the Auger effect and fluorescent yield X-rays with energies ranging from about 100eV to 10MeV are classified as electromagnetic waves, which are only different from the radio waves, light, and gamma rays in wavelength and energy Properties of X-rays are : (1) : X-rays are high energetic waves as compared to visible light, UV, infrared radiations, microwaves and radio waves. (2) : Wavelength of x-rays are very small, of the order of Angstrom. (3) : X-rays get absorbed by the bones. That's why, these are used in medical applications

Properties of X-rays - QS Stud

Properties of X Rays. X rays affect a photographic emulsion in the same way light does . Absorption of X radiation by any substance depends upon its density and atomic weight. The lower the atomic weight of the material, the more transparent it is to X rays of given wavelengths. When the human body i X-rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation, similar to visible light. Unlike light, however, x-rays have higher energy and can pass through most objects, including the body. Medical x-rays are used to generate images of tissues and structures inside the body. If x-rays travelling through the body also pass through an x-ray detector on the. X-ray - X-ray - Fundamental characteristics: X-rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation; their basic physical properties are identical to those of the more familiar components of the electromagnetic spectrum—visible light, infrared radiation, and ultraviolet radiation. As with other forms of electromagnetic radiation, X-rays can be described as coupled waves of electric and magnetic. The correct option is: (C) They are deflected by magnetic fields. Explanation: X-rays do not have a charge so would not be deflected by a magnetic field. All of the rest of the listed properties are true however. (a) x rays clearly pass through light materials as evidenced from their use in the medical field. (b) From Bohr's energy level diagram for hydrogren we can conclude this is true

12 properties of x-rays; Shared Flashcard Set. Details. Title. 12 properties of x-rays. Description. 1-12. Total Cards. 12. Subject. Health Care. Level. Undergraduate 3. Created. 01/29/2015. Click here to study/print these flashcards. Create your own flash cards! Sign up here. Additional Health Care Flashcards 1. Generation and Properties of X-rays. X-rays are electromagnetic waves whose wavelengths range from about 0.1 to 100 10-10 m. They are produced when rapidly moving electrons strike a solid target and their kinetic energy is converted into radiation. The wavelength of the emitted radiation depends on the energy of the electrons A great deal of information about the properties of X rays and X-ray generation is available at the X-Ray Data Book. Electromagnetic radiation is made up of waves of energy that contain electric and magnetic fields vibrating transversely and sinusoidally to each other and to the direction of propogation of the waves Study Flashcards On 12 Properties of X-ray at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want Properties of X Rays. X rays affect a photographic emulsion in the same way light does . Absorption of X radiation by any substance depends upon its density and atomic weight. The lower the atomic weight of the material, the more transparent it is to X rays of given wavelengths. When the human body is X-rayed, the bones, which are composed of.

X rays are invisible; they cannot be seen, felt or heard. They possess no charge and no mass. X rays are similar to light waves and they travel at a speed of light in a vacuum. X rays travel in a straight line, differ in their source of origin and they also have different energies, the wavelength ranges from 0.01 to 10 nanometers X-rays. X-rays can kill cancer cells. Directing an X-ray beam onto skin cancer cells, or cancer cells inside the body, can help to cure cancer. Properties, uses and hazards of electromagnetic. Essential Properties of X-Rays. Pp. 1-7 (7) Cong Qiuzi, Yu Xiang and He Li. Abstract. INTRODUCTION Following the discovery of X-ray by W.C Roentgen in 1895, W.L Bragg (1912) developed a relationship, which is now widely known as Bragg's law, to relate the reflected X-ray beams incidenting at certain angle to the cleavage faces of crystals, the distance betweem atomic layers in the crystal.

In this lesson, we'll discuss two different types of X-rays: continuous X-rays and characteristic X-rays. We'll specifically examine the production and properties of both. Before we begin this comparison, let's first review exactly what an X-ray is. To understand X-rays, you must understand that this form of energy is just a type of light Let us today discuss the 10 properties or characteristics of gamma rays. 1. Gamma, γ-rays are not deflected by electric and magnetic fields. It shows that they do not have any charge. 2. Gamma, γ-rays are electromagnetic waves like X-rays. The wavelength of γ-ray photon is smaller than that of X-rays. 3. The rest mass of a Gamma, γ-ray.

The first attempts at measuring the optical properties of X-rays such as refraction, reflection and diffraction are described. The main ideas forming the basis of Ewald's thesis in 1912 are then summarized. The first extension of Ewald's thesis to the X-ray case is the introduction of the reciprocal lattice. In the next step, the principles of the three versions of the dynamical theory of. X-Rays and Ionization •X-rays ionize atoms. •The energy required for ionization varies with the material (e.g., 34 eV in air, 25 eV in tissue) but is generally in the range of several eV. •A 100 keV X-ray can potentially create thousands of ions. •X-rays originate from atomic electrons and from free electrons decelerating in the vicinity o For medical diagnosis, the x-rays typically used are composed of 70% brems-strahlung and 30% characteristic radiation [2]. 1.2 Characteristics and properties of x-rays - X-rays are electrically neutral, that is, they do not experience deviation or deflection when inside an electric, magnetic, or combined field

X-rays are also essential for transportation security inspections of cargo, luggage and passengers. Electronic imaging detectors allow for real-time visualization of the content of packages and. Properties Of X-Rays. Please Register or to watch this video. BOOKMARKS. BOOKMARKS. Chat. SECONDARY VIDEO. Loading group chat window. Rotate your mobile for better experience properties of x rays produce fluorescence in the interruption. Mechanical testes it spontaneously emits gamma rays are there is about the name of rays the free dictionary. Get the structure of x rays are electromagnetic radiation was connected in order to produce an unambiguous category, seeming to a photon to our online course completion.

State and explain the effect of increasing the E.H.T in an X-ray tube on the X-rays produced. 5. State the factor that determines the hardness of the X-rays produced in an X-ray tube. 6. State the property of X-rays, which makes it possible to detect cracks in bones. 7. Give a reason why the target in an X-ray tube is made of tungsten or. Uses of X-Rays 1. Medical Imaging. X-rays can penetrate through the flesh and the bones very easily. This property of X-rays is utilized by the medical industry to obtain images of the bones and internal organs, thereby helping the medical professionals to detect broken bones, the presence of foreign particles, and diseased organs with great ease X-rays and gamma rays differ only in their source of origin. X-rays are produced by an x-ray generator and gamma radiation is the product of radioactive atoms. They are both part of the electromagnetic spectrum. They are waveforms, as are light rays, microwaves, and radio waves. X-rays and gamma rays cannot been seen, felt, or heard Q: Which electromagnetic waves do you think have higher frequencies: visible light or X rays? A: X rays are harmful but visible light is harmless, so you can infer that X rays have higher frequencies than visible light. Speed, Wavelength, and Frequency. The speed of a wave is a product of its wavelength and frequency. Because all electromagnetic waves travel at the same speed through space, a.

Properties of x rays - SlideShar

Properties, and Uses of X-Rays. The X-Ray waves are sent through your body. The bones absorb it which is why you can see your bones in the image. X-rays were first observed and documented in 1895 by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen, a German scientist who found them quite by accident when experimenting with vacuum tubes Properties. X-rays with short wavelengths which are strong, deeply penetrating and are highly destructive are called hard x-rays. The rays used for medicinal purposes are comparatively less penetrating and have longer wavelengths and are called soft x-rays. X-rays have a dual nature. We now discuss the various properties of these radiations

X-Rays - Definition, Properties, Uses, and FAQ

Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit properties of x rays - Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen 1. X-rays as a branch of optics [Laue's] discovery was primarily a contribution to optics. (Sir C. W. Raman, 1937) The title of this section is borrowed from that of A. H. Compton's Nobel lecture on 12 December 1927, in which he reviewed the main optical properties of X-rays studied at the time. Today, the applications of X-ray optics are.

Write any five properties of X - rays

Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (/ ˈ r ɛ n t ɡ ə n,-dʒ ə n, ˈ r ʌ n t-/; German pronunciation: [ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈʁœntɡən] (); 27 March 1845 - 10 February 1923) was a German mechanical engineer and physicist, who, on 8 November 1895, produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range known as X-rays or Röntgen rays, an achievement that earned him the inaugural Nobel Prize. Properties of Ultraviolet Waves. Wavelength (m)-1 x 10-8 - 4 x 10-7. Frequency (Hz)-7.5 x 1014 - 3 x 1016. HAve shorter wavelengths than visible light. The are invisible to the human eye but can be seen by some insects and animals; bumblebees, birds, reptiles X-rays are a type of EMR. EMR has two characteristics - wavelength and frequency - that are inversely proportional to each other. At one end of the spectrum are radio waves with low frequency and long wavelength. At the other end of the EMR spectrum are gamma rays and X-rays with high frequency and short wavelength The fact that light (electromagnetic radiation) exhibited properties of particles became clear from the Compton scattering experiments where the momentum of p = h/λ had to be associated with the x-rays to explain the experimental observations

Which of the following is a physical property of x-rays? a) travel in straight lines b) refract and reflect similar to visible light c) are visible in the dark d) may be deflected with magnets Answer: a travel in straight lines. Learn More : Share this Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Plus on Google X-Rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation studied in GCSE physics. Their most familiar use is a medical one: in hospitals, they are used to give doctors a view of our insides. Revise their properties and other uses by playing this fun quiz, written specifically for Year 10 and Year 11 pupils X-rays can be made to reflect, refract and diffract. X-rays show the phenomenon of interference and polarization. X-rays can produce fluorescence in certain metal; When certain x-rays fall on certain metals, secondary X-rays are produced. They show particle-like properties in interacting with matter as in photoelectric effect and Compton effect Gamma rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) . They are the similar to X-rays, distinguished only by the fact that they are emitted from an excited nucleus. Electromagnetic radiation can be described in terms of a stream of photons, which are massless particles each travelling in a wave-like pattern and moving at the speed of light

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X-rays can pass through the human body, but different parts of the human body absorb X-rays by different amounts. For instance, bones absorb X-rays more than the tissues that surround them. So, when X-rays are made to pass through the body and then onto a photographic plate, an image will be formed, depending on how much the X-rays get absorbed. X rays were discovered in 1895 by W. K. Roentgen; it was he who gave them the name X rays, a term still used in many countries. Between 1895 and 1897, Roentgen investigated the properties of X rays and constructed the first X-ray tubes. He found that hard X rays pass through various materials and through soft tissues of the human body, a. X-rays are absorbed by dense structures like bones, which is why X-ray photos are used to help identify broken bones. X-ray imaging is also used for scanning the internal structure of objects and. Properties of X-rays. 1. Highly penetrating and invisible. 2. Electrically and magnetically neutral. 3. Heterogeneous (created at various energies, polyenergetic) 4. Liberate minute amounts of heat when interacting with matter

X Ray Definition and Properties (X Radiation

  1. Physics Assignment Help, Describe the properties of x-rays, (i) X-rays are electromagnetic waves with wavelength lie among 0.1Å - 100Å. (ii) X-rays is invisible. (iii) They always go in a straight line with speed of light. (iv) X-rays take no charge so they are not deflected in magnetic field and
  2. Properties of X-rays - Travel in straight lines with the speed of light in air; 3.0x108m/s. When an opaque object like a bone is placed on the path of x-rays a sharp shadow of the object is formed on the screen. - They carry no charge. Hence x-rays are not deflected by either magnetic fields or electric fields
  3. Click on any button with element name to get its x-ray properties. If you give an energy value in the box at the top of the table then you also get x-ray cross-sections at that energy. The sources for the subroutine (mucal_f or mucal_c) used to calculate x-ray cross-sections is available
  4. 1. X-ray tube: An envelope of glass containing a filament, target, and an extremely high vacuum. High melting point—in order to withstand higher temperatures—hence a higher capacity in production of xrays. High atomic weight—to secure a better output of radiation, or characteristic x-rays of a better quality

The properties of X-rays may be classified as: Physical Chemical Biological Physiochemical 10. X-rays belong to a family of electromagnetic radiations having a wavelength between 10Å and 0.01Å. They travel with the same speed as that of visible light (i.e. 1,86,000 miles per second) They are invisible to the eye and cannot be seen; heard or. Properties/Features of X-rays Newer Post Older Post Home. Follow by Email. Subscribers. Populars. Properties/Features of X-rays. Discovery of X-rays. Human Visual System. Paediatric Radiography. Calculate Electron Numbers in Shell. Madam Marie Curie. Report Abuse Search This Blog. Featured Post Cut-off wavelength of the continuous X-rays depends on the energy of the electrons in the X-ray tube. Solution: The frequency ν ν of characteristic X-rays is related to atomic number Z Z by Moseley's law, √ν = a(Z−b). ν = a ( Z − b). which gives, λ = c ν = c a2(Z− b)2. λ = c ν = c a 2 ( Z − b) 2. Thus, wavelength decreases. • X rays are produced by high-speed electrons bombarding the target • Typically < 1% of energy is converted to x rays; the rest is heat Figure 2-1 (a). Schematic diagram of x-ray tube and circuit V f X-ray tube current • Electron cloud near the filament creates space charge region, opposing the release of additional electron X-rays. When cathode rays strike on a heavy metal of high melting point. then a very small fraction of its energy converts in to a new type of waves, called X-rays. Properties of X-rays. X-rays were discovered by Roentgen. (i) X-rays are electromagnetic waves of wavelengths ranging from 0.1 A to 100 A and frequencies ranging from 10 16 Hz to 10.

What are the properties of X-Rays? - Quor

  1. g the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum - light
  2. X-radiation is a kind of electromagnetic radiation. X-rays are waves of X-radiation. X-rays have a shorter wavelength, and therefore more energy, than ultraviolet radiation. They have a much shorter wavelength than visible light (the light that we can see). Radiation with shorter wavelengths (more energy) than the X-ray is called Gamma radiation (γ-rays). ). These are all parts of the.
  3. properties x rays are extremely energetic electrons in an early stage can be used. Studying in the target of rays are you have high energy will this here to him to last through a science and website uses cookies to the treatment. Made with me the properties of x rays are produced by electric field due to th
  4. g the basis of Ewald's thesis in 1912 are then.
  5. imizing the risk of accidents of patients undergoing radiation oncology. Medical Engineering & Physics, 2013. Rodrigo Bianchi. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package
  6. Properties of Alpha, Beta and Gamma Rays. During radioactivity, particles like alpha, beta & gamma rays are emitted by an atom, due to unstable atom trying to gain stability. Hence, the atoms eventually decay by emitting a particle that transforms when they are unstable and transforms the nucleus into a lower energy state
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X ray production and properties - SlideShar

X-ray, electromagnetic radiation of extremely short wavelength and high frequency, with wavelengths ranging from about 10^-8 to 10^-12 metre. The passage of X-rays through materials, including biological tissue, can be recorded. Thus, analysis of X-ray images of the body is a valuable medical diagnostic tool X-rays, also known as X-radiation, refers to electromagnetic radiation (no rest mass, no charge) of high energies.X-rays are high-energy photons with short wavelengths and thus very high frequency. The distinction between X-rays and gamma rays is not so simple and has changed in recent decades. According to the currently valid definition, X-rays are emitted by electrons outside the nucleus. However, X-rays are strong enough to pass through material with fewer electrons. Our skin, made of carbon-based molecules, is a very good example of a material that allows X-rays to bypass. On the contrary, when X-rays encounter a strong material with many electrons (higher atomic number), they are blocked

X-Ray Properties (Energy, Wavelength, Inverse Square Law

  1. The x-rays are produced by the sudden deflection or acceleration of the electron caused by the attractive force of the tungsten nucleus. The physics of x-ray production will be discussed later, in Section 3.5. The x-ray beam emerges through a thin glass window in the tube envelope
  2. Narrower beams of X-rays will produce a sharper image. The tungsten target is therefore angled so that a wide beam of electrons will produce a narrow beam of X-rays. The clinical application of X-rays to form images Hard and soft X-rays. Hard X-rays are X-rays with a higher frequency and are more penetrating than soft X-rays
  3. discharge of bodies by X-rays. On 13 May 1897 he published a third and final paper on his discovery, entitled New Observations on the Properties of X-Rays. Among other things, he confirmed that X-rays originate in the part of the tube struck by cathode rays, and then spread in all directions. RÖNTGEN'S TEXT OF DECEMBER 189
  4. X-rays can be focused, but the techniques are so cumbersome that in normal NDI applications X-rays are not focused. Although the properties of X and gamma rays and visible light are theoretically similar, the differences in application make it most convenient to consider X and gamma rays as being different, since their observable effects are.
  5. Most of the properties of alpha, beta and gamma particles have been already discussed. Given below is the table of characteristics of alpha, beta and gamma radiations which also compares the charges and masses of the three rays and the above figure shows the penetration power of alpha, beta and gamma rays. Property. α ray
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X-rays properties, uses and method of obtaining X-rays by

  1. X-rays and gamma rays have the same basic properties but come from different parts of the atom. X-rays are emitted by processes outside the nucleus, but gamma rays originate from inside the nucleus. They generally have less energy and are therefore less penetrating than gamma rays
  2. Detection of X-rays is very specific, because high-energy photons interact differently with matter.High-energy photons can travel thousands of feet in air and can easily pass through various materials. Moreover, high-energy photons can ionize atoms indirectly and directly (despite they are electrically neutral) through the photoelectric effect and the Compton effect
  3. Properties of Gamma Radiation Gamma rays are high frequency, extremely-short-wavelength electromagnetic waves with no mass and no charge. They are emitted by a decaying nucleus, that expels the gamma rays in an effort to become more stable as an atom
  4. X-rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation that can pass through solid objects, including the body. X-rays penetrate different objects more or less according to their density. In medicine, X-rays are used to view images of the bones and other structures in the body

Today we know that X-radiation (composed of X-rays) a form of invisible, high frequency electromagnetic radiation. Most X-rays have a wavelength ranging from 0.01 to 10 nanometers, corresponding to frequencies in the range 30 petahertz to 30 exahertz (3×1016 Hz to 3×1019 Hz) and energies in the range 100 eV to 100 keV This research includes a study of some optical properties of (ps) before and after x-ray irradiation in doses 8010 rad with average (267 rad/min ) for (30 min) ,the x-ray application where done in 4 steps, 7.5 mints for each step Properties of X rays: 1) X rays are electromagnetic radiation. 2) wavelength range for X ray is 0.01 to 0.1 nm. 3) X rays travel with the speed of light. 4) x rays are high energy waves. 5) x rays travel without undergoing deflection. Properties of the cathode rays: 1) Cathode rays travels in a straight lines X-rays and gamma rays are both types of high energy (high frequency) electromagnetic radiation. They are packets of energy that have no charge or mass (weight). These packets of energy are known as photons. Because X-rays and gamma rays have the same properties and health effects, they are grouped together in this document X rays lie at the high-frequency end of an atom's spectrum and are characteristic of the atom as well. In this section, we explore characteristic x rays and some of their important applications. We have previously discussed x rays as a part of the electromagnetic spectrum in Photon Energies and the Electromagnetic Spectrum

X-rays are employed in the industry to detect defects in motor tires, golf and tennis ball, wood and wireless valves, and testing the presence of pearls in oysters. 5:Scientific research. X-rays have been used to investigate the structure of crystals, the structure, and properties of atoms, and the arrangement of atoms and molecules in matter 1 Answer1. The full story is complicated and involves a lot of detail about the way photons interact with electrons and how the atomic binding of the electrons limit those interactions, but the short version is that higher atomic numbers tend to absorb or scatter x-rays more than lower ones. This figure X-rays cause certain substances to fluoresce, they affect photographic emulsions and can ionize atoms. These three properties can be used to detect x-rays. The intensity of the beam of x-rays (Wm-2) depends on the number of electrons hitting the target per unit time. This depends on the temperature of the filament

Properties of Cathode rays. i. They travel in straight lines. ii. Cathode rays possess momentum and kinetic energy. iii. Cathode rays produce heat, when allowed to fall on matter. iv. Cathode rays produce fluorescence when they strike a number of crystals, minerals and salts X-rays are powerful waves of energy. Like light, X-rays are a form of radiation . They are very useful because they can go through substances that light cannot. X-rays can show images, or pictures, of the inside of an object, such as a suitcase or the human body adshelp[at]cfa.harvard.edu The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86 [en] The description of dynamical diffraction of X-rays by means of the mutual coherence functions of primary and diffracted beams is presented. The mutual coherence functions of a beam diffracted from a plane-parallel crystal in Laue geometry are computed and the influence of the crystal thickness on the coherence width is investigated Conversely, X-ray and Gamma radiation deteriorates the bone mechanical properties and bone become more susceptible to fracture. Fracture toughness as well as other mechanical properties of bone change with these radiations. In this literature review the effect of the X-rays and Gamma radiation on bone mechanical properties are discussed

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Experimental studies of the effect of X-rays on the process of electrolytic deposition of composite coatings are reviewed in this paper. Particular emphasis will be on the applications of X-rays for both the modification of a structure and the mechanical characteristics of galvanic coatings. In particular, this research investigates the Co/SiO2 coatings deposited from aqueous solutions under. the influence of x-rays on the properties of blood (From the Laboratories of The Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research.) (Received for publication, March 29, 1922.) In the course of an experimental investigation concerning the nature of the reaction of the animal organism to x-rays we have made observations which we believe to be of. Gamma rays originate from the nucleus while X-rays originate in the electron fields surrounding the nucleus or are machine produced. It is also used to alter the properties of many different polymers through recombination, cross-linkage, and cross scission When a person has a bone fracture, one of the first things a person will want to know is how bad it is. To determine the severity and treatment/recovery time, doctors will typically perform an X-ray.In some cases, they may use other imaging techniques, such as computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic imaging resonance (MRI), particularly it is a pathologic fracture